Guinea palm oil

The oil palm or Guinea Elephant (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) Is a monocotyledonous plant of the Arecaceae family, widely cultivated for its fruits and seeds rich in oil for food and industrial use. Palm oil, extracted from the pulp of the fruit, has become in recent years the “first source of vegetable fats on the world market” 1. Palm kernel oil, extracted from the seeds, is authorized in the European Union as a substitute for cocoa butter.
Vendor: LAHO
Old price: 99835 GNF
60000 GNF
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The oil palm is 20 to 25 m high, but in cultivated palm groves the elaeis do not exceed 15 meters. Its "false trunk" is the characteristic stipe of palm trees, cylindrical, vertical, unbranched and of constant diameter.

The leaves, pinnate, measure 5 to 7 m long, with a very robust and thorny petiole. They form a symmetrical crown at the top of the stipe, surrounding and protecting the vegetative bud.

The inflorescences are spadices, implanted in the axils of each leaf. The plant is monoecious and has separate male and female spadices. The flowers, small and dirty white in color, are very tight.

The fruit is a fleshy, ovoid, sessile drupe, about 3 cm long. The pulp or mesocarp, yellow-orange in color, contains nearly 50% of lipids which constitute palm oil. Palm nuts are grouped into bunches. A diet weighs between 5 and 50 kg and contains 500 to 4,000 drupes, depending on the age of the palm, its origin, its environment, etc.

There are three varietal types depending on the morphology of the fruit: dura, the fruit of which contains a thick shell around the kernel; the pisifera without a shell (and generally sterile female); and will hold it, with a thin shell. Dura is the most common type in nature. The tenera is the cultivated type, as it combines fruit rich in pulp and female fertility. In dura and tenera, the shell of the nucleus, very hard, is formed by the endocarp. The type of fruit is controlled by the SHELL gene, which has two codominant alleles (tenera being heterozygous). This gene encodes a transcription factor from the MADS-box family, and the allele causing the pisifera type is due to missense mutations.

The almond, called palm kernel, is also rich in lipids and provides palm kernel oil. The almond consists of a thin, adherent seed coat, a cartilaginous albumen that contains about 50% oil, and an embryo.

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